Posts Tagged ‘Sweden’s Crown Jewel ‘Riksapplet’ (1560’s)’

The Canadian ought to be proud to have one of the best proofs of early Norse settlements in North America.
Because that’s what Canada have.

Some in Canada tries to make other things belived, Ottawa: The maple leaf shown on Canada’s new $20 bills is from a Norway maple, which is not native to Canada, several botanists cited by Canadian media decried on Friday. Norwegian Maple Leaf adorns New Canada, ndtv.com January 19, 2013 they are wrong!!!

Look at: Meaple, Acer platanoides L., Linneaus Virtuella Floran


If you take your self time to look at and read the last twelwe years archaeological excavation reports as well as at Gemma Frisius world globe 1537. Look at ‘Quij pouli ad quos Johannes Scovvus, danus, Pervenit, Ann. 1476’
north of Labrador. That information is confirmed by still existing documents. On the ships sailing to Greenland and due to a storm winddriven to the mainland of North America were the captains Pothurst and Pinning. Further more at least Columbus brother and Corte-Real participated in that sail starting from Iceland in 1470’s….

Other medieval sources goes back long before that. You can read about the land in North America in a book from 1100’s given to the Pope in 1134. Nicholas Bergthorson (died 1158), Leidarvisir och borgaskipan And there is more to be said about Canada in the Norwegian/Norse days but that will have to wait.

Canadian money has Norway maple leaf on it, msn.com Januari 20 2013
‘Wrong’ maple leaf on Canadian banknotes, bbc.co.uk January 19 2013 Well historical it’s not wrong but completely correct. That the Norwegians from Greenland had the Maple with them to North America and that the Maple then came to be a wild example of an imported species, is an other part of the story. But the so called old places where Maple been found during excavations, has in five of the cases been marked on a early 1500’s map with the Norwegian-Unionflag from the so called Kalmarunion’s days (Margaretha I was the first ruler of the three countries Denmark, Sweden and Norway.)

Btw. there exist an early map, edited later on before the first ‘known’ explorer sailed west south of Greenland. That map show beyond reasonable doubts the Hudson Bay before Hudson was born. Where the map is to be found? In Linköping’s Science Library together with MS from a very interesting Annal and a Medieval Lawbook. The origin of the map’s carthographic data goes back to 1480 at least but an early copy was delivered to the Norwegian King Hakon, son of the Swedish King Magnus Eriksson, in 1364 together with the tithes that Ivar Bardsson collected from the dioces under Gardar See Greenland…. two dioces existed. On the edited map I have digitalised, Dania Nova is marked on land close to Nelson River in the south of what we know as Hudson Bay….. Hudson was of course not known at that time….

And…. Olaus Magnus, Swedish Geographer and Historian wrote:
”Själv har jag år 1505 sett tvenne sådana läderbåtar ofvan östra portalen inne i domkyrkan i Oslo, som är helgad åt den helige Halvord, där de voro uppsatta på muren till allmänt beskådande. Det berättades att konung Håkon förvärvat dem, när han med en krigsflotta passerat Grönlands kust, just då man hade för afsikt att med dem sänka hans skepp i hafvet”.

Quick translation:
‘In 1505 I saw two such leaderboats above the Eastern portal in the Oslo Cathedral, sanctified to Saint Halvord, where they were fastened on the wall for everyone to look at. It’s told that King Hakon[son of King Magnus Eriksson] acquired them, when he with an armed battle fleet[!!!] passed Greenland’s coast, at the exact time they were planned to be used to sink
his ships in the Ocean.”

As you probably understand it’s not easy passing Greenland’s coast with a battle fleet without going somewhere west of Greenland when you start from Norway and Orkney. As they did. Reason for that was information given to King Hakon in 1364.
Source: Rome 1555 : Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus, Romæ 1555 / Olaus Magnus ;
translated by Peter Fisher and Humphrey Higgens ; edited by Peter Foote ; with annotation derived from the commentary by John Granlund, alternative title: Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus, Romæ 1555.
London : Hakluyt Society 1996-1998 3 volumes

Swedish media: Raseri i Kanada mot norska löv, Expresen 20 januari 2013
Fel löv på kanadensisk sedel, DN 20 januari 2013
Norskt löv på kanadensisk sedel, Östran 20 januari 2013

Btw. in 1560 the son of Gustav Wasa ordered a globe to be made to his coronation. That globe has an almost correct map, unfortunatly the engraver graved NA mirror-wise. It’s one of Sweden’s Crown Jewels…..

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